Topic: Analysis of stanza 5 in the poem “Country” by Nguyen Dinh Thi:

“Oh the countryside… miss your lover’s eyes”.

Lecture: Country (Nguyen Dinh Thi) – Ms. Nguyen Ngoc Anh (Teacher )

There are stirring poems about recovery. There are sweet and passionate poems. There are also poignant, heroic poems. There are times when we are endlessly obsessed with love and anger poems:

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“Oh the bleeding fields,

Barbed wire pierced the afternoon sky

Long nights of hot marching

Suddenly, I miss my lover’s eyes.”

“Country” – Nguyen Dinh Thi

“Country” is the most brilliant poem written by Nguyen Dinh Thi in the resistance war against the French, also a masterpiece poem written on the topic of homeland of modern Vietnamese poetry. It was conceived and formed by the author in a rather long historical process (1948 – 1955). The poems “Meeting night”, “The morning is cool and clear like the old morning” – inspired Nguyen Dinh Thi to discover and beautifully express her patriotism passionately and passionately.

“Country” is like a polyphonic polyphony talking about the autumn emotions of the past and present homeland. Being a passionate voice about the beautiful and majestic natural scenery, is the pride of the indomitable tradition of the heroic nation. It is a voice of grief, anger at the invaders who are trampled on the beloved country. The last part of the poem expresses the pride of the soldier in front of the brave fighting and victory posture “shake off the mud and stand up bright!” of the country. The above four-sentence poem is taken from the third part of the poem “Country”.

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The poet – the soldier – seems to be firmly grasping the gunman “listening to the soul of the mountains and rivers for thousands of years”, listening to the echoes of history, the race “whispering in the voice of the earth” from the past thousands of years “hoping about”: the Bach Dang, Chi Lang, Dong Da… immortal! From the past thousands of years back to the present, the verse soars chokingly and painfully:

“Oh the bleeding countryside”.

The painful scene that the poet talked about was the autumn of 1948, when our people’s resistance war against the French invasion was taking place extremely fiercely! Many urban areas, many large rural areas of our country are being occupied and trampled by the French invaders. “Village road covered with bones and blood – The garden has no empty house in ruins” (“My village” – Van Cao). “Bleeding countryside” – a metonymic image representing the beloved country, the familiar villages are being swept away by the enemy, brutally captured and killed. The blood of the gentle farmers has flooded the village roads, furrows … under the bombs and bullets of the water robbers. Once upon a time when the country was peaceful, the country was “sweetly fragrant fields …”, “green sugarcane fields with strawberry banks …”, since “the enemy’s guns rumbled”, it has become mourning and devastated with “the the countryside bleeds”. Our people were brutally massacred by the French invaders. The two words “bleed” condemn the crimes and the three-way policy of the country’s military: kill, rob, burn! The word “Oh” is an expression of unspeakable pain and grief!

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From the panoramic view of the painful space, of the “bleeding countryside”, the poet stood still and looked at the horizon. A bold, unique, very creative drawing:

“Here barbed wire pierced the afternoon sky”.

The brutal enemy troops tried to shoot and kill, sweep, occupy the land, and herd the people. Enemy posts like poisonous mushrooms sprouted everywhere. “Barbed wire” is also a metaphorical image about the enemy’s post, the barbaric occupation of the country bandits. The mountains of barbed wire, the razor-sharp barbed wire fences surrounding the enemy post were not only to withstand the stormy attacks of our army, but also “smash the afternoon sky”. An even impressive way of saying about the crimes and plots to rob the country of the French invaders. “Several hundred years of peaceful dreams” are the peaceful afternoons of the village with “white storks waving vastly”, “the sound of snails carrying the drums of the fortress”, the sound of shepherds’ flutes leading buffaloes to the village… But now where else? The scene of the afternoon sky, the homeland was and is being “smashed by barbed wire” by the enemy. The pain from heaven and earth is like cutting and stabbing people’s hearts!

At the beginning of the poem, Nguyen Dinh Thi talks about the beautiful and majestic natural scenery of the country with the blue sky, the fragrant countryside, the wide roads, the red rivers heavy with alluvium – and all of them. are all “ours”. But since the enemy invaded the countryside, “bleeding”, in the afternoon, the village was “pierced by barbed wire”, so much pain and hatred! The author of “Country” creates impressive contrasts and contrasts: past and present, peace with war, poetic charm with destruction, mourning – to condemn the barbaric crimes of the French invaders. Heaven can’t forgive, people are angry! The ingenious combination of metonymy, exclamation, exclamation, and contrast rhetoric has created poetry rich in imagery and expression. Thereby, we feel the core of Nguyen Dinh Thi: beautiful poetic soul, talent, pent-up emotions, authentic words, creative images. The poet has led the reader’s soul to live and feel with the reality of the country at a time of smoke and fire, opening up a field of association about the art space for everyone to reflect on the history and tragic journey of the poet. ethnic. And that is also the price of independence and freedom for us to remember and be proud of!

Nearly 150 years ago, in the poem “Running the enemy”, Nguyen Dinh Chieu angrily condemned the invaders:

“After the market was over, I heard the Western guns…

(…) Ben Nghe’s money melts bubbles,

Dong Nai tile paintings tinged with clouds…”

There are so many touching verses that made people’s hearts boil during the years when the country “went to war”:

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“My homeland from the terrible day

The enemy pulled up a fierce fire

My fields are dry

Our house is on fire

Dogs meet a herd

Bloody pear long tongue

Kiet and the alley of the deserted shore…”.

“Across the Duong River” – Hoang Cam

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These are poems once carved into time and people’s hearts for us to remember forever.

The third verse expresses the soldier’s mood in battle:

“Long nights of hot marching”.

Verse 1 talks about “bleeding countryside”, verse three and four clearly indicate “Long nights of hot marching”, from the painful space opening the time of anger, not just one night, five or ten nights but is “long nights”… Parallel structure, repeating the word “the” twice, the word “cooking” rhyming with the word “blood” (foot rhyme) has created the melody, the heroic bass melody is burning the heart. the soul of a soldier on the way to battle. “Cooking” because of intense hatred. The hot barrel, the sharp bayonet of hatred! The enmity against the French invaders plundered the country, burning with fire, boiling in the heart, not only for a limited time but for an infinite time “Long nights of hot marching”. The two words “burnt” deeply express the patriotism of “clothed people – have stood up to be heroes!”.

The more you hate the invaders, the more you love your homeland. Soldiers who went to war were hot, boiling with hatred for the enemy when they saw the country mourning, in ruins, “bleeding fields …”, seeing “dark enemy shadows”, enemy outposts sprouting with countless numbers of soldiers. “barbed wire pierced the afternoon sky”. The next fourth verse is a drawing, carving the depth of the soul of a soldier going to battle; many discoveries and creations:

“Suddenly fidgeting with my lover’s eyes”.

The “burning” of hatred and “anxious to remember” are two expressions of the same mood, which made up the fighting strength and victory of the National Guard during the 9-year resistance war against the French. He recognized the battle with the power of hatred for the enemy, with the love of the country and the people, with a lot of nostalgia. Remember the furrows plowing the thatched roof, remember the sugarcane fields and mulberry fields, remember the original wells of the banyan tree, remember the “common lover”… “remember the lover’s eyes”. “The lover’s eyes” is also a very expensive metonymy describing the silhouette of his homeland, the charming beauty of the “common lover” behind the village bamboo ramparts that he misses very much:

“My forehead carries the sky of my homeland

Your eyes are like village wells

I miss the land of white clouds

How many days have you missed me?….”

“The eyes of the Son Tay” – Quang Dung

“Remember your lover’s eyes” with many beautiful memories of a young age. “I miss you five years away – I’m close to you ten times”. The boy who plows in the past remembers his hometown, remembers the rich taste of “a bowl of water spinach soup, crispy eggplant”, is “remember who slapped the water on the side of the road today”. Soldier Uncle Ho said goodbye to the place where he was buried and cut his navel, where “salty water is sour”, where “the land is plowed on rocks”, someone secretly remembers “Brushing into the field, bruised and trembling – Feet wade in the mud, hands transplanted seedlings. Some people remember “the young wife – worn out by the rice mill for late-night soup.” The proud young soldier in the Tay Tien army was “Dream in Hanoi at night with fragrant beauty”. There are hundreds of thousands of homesickness and homesickness. , miss my loved ones: “I suddenly miss you like winter and miss the cold – Our love is like golden flower ants” (Che Lan Vien), etc.

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Returning to the verse “suddenly anxious to miss the lover’s eyes”, the two words “anxious” mean impatient, restless (Vietnamese dictionary); describe the fluttering, fluttering nostalgia, rising like waves crashing in the heart forever. There was nostalgia “recovery recovery”. There has been the “unsettled one side” problem. There was a desire to “remember who, who remembers, who now remembers …”. The poem “Suddenly restless to miss the lover’s eyes” is a very beautiful drawing that shows the talented penmanship of Nguyen Dinh Thi. “Remember” is the inspiration of many colors and shapes that make up the beautiful verses and poems of Nguyen Dinh Thi in the poem “Soldier”:

… “I love you like I love my country

Hard work and pain are endless

I miss you every step of the way

Every night I lie down, every bite I eat”…

Miss

In the general, remembering the country, remembering the “sacred source of the ancestors” (Huu Loan), there is a separate “suddenly anxious to miss the lover’s eyes”. There is a “burning” anger, “anxious” nostalgia, so there is the strength to fight and the belief to win the battle: “I will find you again – I wear a lovely bib – I wear pink silk – I go to a festival in the mountains. – Laughing in love with the light of spring’s heart” (Hoang Cam).

Love is the root of poetry, the creative source of poetry. Poetry is only beautiful when poetry sucks the fertility and silt in the ground – the reality of life – but sprouts green, flowers and fruits, bringing fragrance and sweetness to life. Nguyen Dinh Thi’s poem is like a beautiful flower in a beautiful flower branch, bringing the hot breath of the times, the strong love of the country of Vietnamese people in three thousand days of smoke and fire.

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Reading the above poem, we can partly feel the beauty of Nguyen Dinh Thi’s artistic style, a poetic soul rich in creativity. The reality of war: the ruined country, the people suffering from the enemy’s bombs and bullets, have been wonderfully described through the poetic, expressive and rich images.

“Bleeding countryside”, “Silver seconds stabbing the afternoon sky” are new, unique and beautiful poetic images, “Suddenly fidgeting with lover’s eyes” is an image of creative inheritance, expressing a soldier’s poetic soul gives us many poignant vibes.

Reading “Country” by Nguyen Dinh Thi, my soul is nourished with many beautiful emotions to become pure and rich, for me to love, to remember, to relive and be proud of the heroic and glorious years. fiercely with the miraculous Dien Bien fire of the country and people in the Ho Chi Minh era.

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