Topic: Analysis of the passage of the Vow in the Tale of Kieu by Nguyen Du to clarify the point of view: Thuy Kieu, a person of suffering reality, a person of tragic destiny

The owner of Mong Lien Duong gave an overview of Thuy Kieu’s background: “When listening to love poems again, people praised the pearls and jewels; when the charms fell in love with gold, the sea swore to compensate; when the land was three dug up, the house was shattered; When I go to the green building, when I go back to the purple forest, I also think about it; when I pray in verses, when I can pass, the smell of experience becomes even more numb…” Thuy Kieu has experienced most of the sufferings of women under the regime. feudalism; The family was separated, the love was broken, being a young girl, a slave, a concubine, a spiritual practice, and then life was mostly without a husband or children in the mid-30s.

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The character Nguyen Du is a person who is always aware of her own “end of life”, but at the same time, always aiming for the light of happiness, Thuy Kieu only gives up this inclination when life is negative. her wishes.

This tragic fate and character dominate the content of the work: throughout Tales of Kieu, there is an air of sadness; review the structure of the work: in the “Meeting – Disaster – Reunification” system, Nguyen Du spends most of his work writing about Kieu’s “Trigger” life and in the entire work, including moments betrothed, the love of the “Reunion”, or returning to her lover in the “Reunion”, her happiness is never complete; manage the image of the character: Thuy Kieu always lives in a tragic mood.

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Her beauty inclining the water, her wonderful musical talent and ingenious poetic talent were only to be “sold into the merchant’s boat”. Trampling on talent and human beauty is a crime of the feudal system, but if the main conflicting conception in Tales of Kieu is the contradiction between wisdom and talent and the regime, as follows: “The contradiction between the unjust social system and human talent is an absolute contradiction… Nguyen Du has systematically described that contradiction from the beginning of Tale of Kieu to the end”…. “As long as there is an unjust social system, especially in the period of its decline, talent will only be a very tragic hatred. It is the most dominant, deepest, most tragic inspiration. by Nguyen Du”… perhaps there is also a need to discuss.

Because standing out above all the long stories and the endings is the trampling on the happiness of love and the dream of justice of this beautiful, talented, melancholy, sentimental and very selfless woman. In other words, Nguyen Du pays special attention to presenting and describing the profound contradiction between the oppressed people’s desire for happiness and the evil and brutal forces of the feudal system.

“In the middle of the road to break the burden of love” – ​​for family happiness, for the fate of father and brother, Kieu sacrificed personal happiness. It is a moral ideal and also a happy aspect of her life (The higher the age of the crane, the higher the age – One shoulder carries so many branches… It’s better to risk a child stem – The flower, though its wings are broken, the leaves are still alive. green) but because this is only one aspect of happiness, Kieu continues to enter into another tragedy. Thuy Kieu, a person of a time who had a deeper and richer sense of suffering as well as of her aspirations, could not simply accept just one aspect of happiness. In addition to family happiness, she also lives with a longing for young love. In addition to the love of parents and siblings, there is also love for Kim. Because between the age of sixteen, with a charming beauty, a brilliant talent, a passionate heart, she met Kim Trong – a guy with “great personality and talent”… In other words, Thuy Kieu has faced happiness. “Ever since meeting Kim” she has lived in the sweet ecstasy of the initial “Flickering awakening” moment, of the early afternoons and evenings of “All things to be considerate in the middle of the heart – Spring’s heart flutters cup of spring treasure”, and especially the magical day:

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Pick up the mirror to the top of the branch,

The lamp looks like a flickering glow.

Born just like a dead sentence,

Bad afternoon like waking up, bad afternoon like crazy…

The sound of the lotus will awaken sleep,

The shadow of the moon has drawn pear flowers closer.

Mourning the top of the godless Giap,

Still dreaming of a dreamy spring night…

Magical day with passionate passionate love:

… the more fragrant flowers show, the more pink they wake up,

Your head and your eyes are more passionate than ever…

How can I bury my heart in the excitement of my first love that is deeply poetic! When the disaster struck, Thuy Kieu followed the familiar path of young girls who met in the past in love:

Your spring days are still long,

Merciful love of immature blood instead of words.

Like Nhuy Chau who asked her maidservant to trust and love on her behalf to pay for Song Tinh when she was harmed by a false god and taken to Phien tribute:

Tomorrow he will be here,

The old fate cooperates with you.

(Story of Twin Stars)

And the word “meaning” according to the other feudal concept would be an effective remedy:

Even though your flesh is broken and your bones are worn out,

Laughing nine streams is still fragrant.

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But no, Kieu understands that no one can replace her in Kim’s loving heart, even if that person is her sister.. She continued to fall into another tragedy:

Though you should be husband and wife,

Pity people with silver fate will not forget.

She is still a person of tragedy. This is because, as many commentators on Truyen Kieu wrote, in his relationship with Kim, Nguyen Du always gave her the word “Love” and the word “Den” to her sister:

Love you even though only pink,

Fortunately, when you have your hand in hand.

This love, this fusion,

Bidding a few nights of high moon flow.

When eating in, when going in and out,

The more the new love, the more old love.

Like her friends of the same generation, Thuy Kieu hopes to return the word “meaning” to her lover, but from the bottom of her heart, she understands that this predestined relationship can never be her complete happiness. Kim (The memory she always remembers – Tuon Chau demands battle, spins silk a hundred times; listens to the walls of the tops of the tops of consumption – His own heart is restless and drowsy…). And Kieu too, even though “The corner horizon helpless pool – The cleansing lipstick never fades’, the word “meaning” without soul cannot help her “smile nine streams” as Kieu told Van.

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Family love means that Van cannot completely eliminate suffering. The sudden, devastating breakup contrasts with deep, intense love, and the desire for a happy couple, which is the main conflicting background of the character’s inner self in the opening “Catastrophe”. A lady Kieu, because of circumstances, must be permanently separated from her lover, but she does not give up, does not deny her desire for happiness in love. And Kieu tried to solve the tragedy in her soul, only to end up being powerless to solve it.

In the future, in Kim Trong’s happiness, she is not present. She wishes.

Losing someone with a little bit of faith,

Keyboard with a piece of ancient cursed incense.

She will leave dear mementos of a beautiful past. “Once upon a time” for Kim Trong in the future, but also “in the past” for the present Kieu: brilliant happiness suddenly shattered tragically, new beautiful moments have become an extremely distant illusion. sticky rice. The surreal time expresses the terrible pain and regret in Thuy Kieu’s heart. In Tales of Kieu, whether it’s a few days, or fifteen years that have passed, it’s all just a distant past:

… Keyboard with a piece of ancient cursed incense.

… Debt that guy Kim is the old man.

… The old permanence to tell now.

But the object is not the person. Memorabilia cannot solve nostalgia. And Kieu longs to return to meet her lover, even though this wish is also very fragile:

In the future no matter what,

Burn that incense, compare this key.

Looking out at the blades of grass,

If you see the wind, then you will come back.

In the whole Tale of Kieu, the return of the lover, the reunion of the young couple are always just fragile and uncertain years, expressed in the form of trivial words:

… Coincidentally despite the occasional disaster,

… Tomorrow even if ever,

… Know when to join the words of young water.

Dreams imply despair. And that manifestation, if any, is just an illusion, a metaphysical happiness. A return without meeting. Add to that, an agonizing binding:

… the soul still carries a heavy oath,

The body of the willow tree is broken into a thousand bamboo apricot trees.

An unanswered oath! The happiness “aspiration for three births” offered by the Buddha to comfort and comfort people also tore people’s hearts in heavy tragedy, because behind the vows of Kim Trong – Thuy Kieu, is actually deep love. heavy, is a strong desire for happiness. Thuy Kieu’s path is not quite the way of the boy in the old rhyme about the story of Truong Chi:

When Mr. Truong Chi returned home,

Sticking a pole to chop it up, sing a verse:

“This life is unfinished,

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Then ask for a different life after the future.”

Kieu waits for an afterlife to reunite, but how can she imagine, can confirm that metaphysical happiness once she is a person of the dead, completely separate from her former lover:

… Da station away from the face of the word…

At this point, Kim Trong will have to act like MI Nuong, clearly showing a tear of sympathy on Truong Chi’s suffering figure, or like the boy in Love History pouring down the broken heart of his deceased lover.

… Sprinkling a drop of water for the wrongdoer.

The love history and story of Truong Chi ends here. Truong Chi’s woeful soul appeared on the jade cup or the wife’s undissolved heart in Love, even though it was destroyed by the lover’s sympathy. But with Nguyen Du, with Thuy Kieu, the conflict was never resolved. How could she experience that sympathy, when it was just an illusion of the future… How could Kieu lull herself to sleep in such a vague, hallucinatory dream! And “the strange sympathy of the great national poet” (Hoai Thanh) towards the people of the era brought Thuy Kieu back to the harsh present:

Now the broken mirror melts,

Tell me how to squeeze a lot of love.

Here is the contradiction between the deep infinite love and the intense desire for infinite happiness “lots of love”, with an irreparable break (broken mirror broken, short-lived relationship). , the silver part like lime, the water flowing flowers drifted to help him).

The conflict is not resolved. The nature of happiness does not exist in the word “Hieu”, the word “meaning” according to the feudal concept! And the notions of metaphysical happiness (memorabilia, next life reunion, tears of sympathy) can’t ease the suffering of a young woman with a passionate heart like Thuy Kieu.

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It can be said that Kieu’s mood stands in front of all the breakdowns of happiness, showing the struggle between the conceptions of happiness – the Confucian conceptions of happiness. Of Buddhism and humanistic conceptions of happiness. Thuy Kieu only looks to the concept of metaphysical happiness when the circumstances are bound:

She hides from the flower garden,

Seems to be near the purple forest, far from the rose bush

Where is fate still waiting,

It’s okay to be ashamed of the pink blush.

And look to but then negate, give up as in the paragraph “Giving charm”. Just like later, the mood “life has extinguished the fire of the heart”, the way of handling “bringing the iron in exchange for the flag” is just due to fluctuations in circumstances. She cannot be a “true religious” nun. Thuy Kieu will never “enjoy the religion”.

In other words, Thuy Kieu has been liberated from metaphysical and religious notions of happiness. Nguyen Du’s character is a human being awakened, even if only to suffer. Thuy Kieu is a person of tragedy. The limitations and values ​​of the character’s personality are also included in that factor.

Lecture: The Vow – Ms. Truong Khanh Linh ( Teacher)

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